Root canal treatment
Root canal treatment helps to save the teeth where the dental pulp is dead. Lack of circulation in dead pulp means that it also lacks the antibodies produced in the body. Such dental cavities and nerve canals usually contain bacteria; therefore, the aim of treatment is cleaning and filling the canal system.
Usually cleaning and enlarging root canals is done during the first appointment, after which an antibacterial drug is placed into the dental cavity that is then sealed securely with a temporary filling.
Root canal treatment may take from one to five appointments depending on the nature of dental root inflammation. Once the root canal system is free from infection, the canals are filled with points made from rubber-like material, gutta percha, in order to prevent the re-entry of bacteria into the root canal system. The next step after filling root canals is restoration of the dental crown.
If the tooth is still alive, then anesthetics are used in root canal treatment. Root canal treatment of a dead tooth does not require anesthesia. Short-term pain may occur during the preparation of a root canal when material is being pushed through the root apex.
The prognosis of successful root canal treatment is good. An X-ray imaging is performed half a year after root canal treatment to check the healing of any extensive apical bone destruction.